Islamic perspective on Suicide

 Suicide in Islam is an act of self-murder by a believer, acting with the clear and unequivocal intention to take his or her life. Suicide is considered a great sin in Islam and a Muslim committing it is someone who shall be disgraced forever in hell, life is very precious in Islam and a believer has no right to take his or her own life

Allah the Almighty says,

"And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden (to be killed) except by (legal) right. This has He instructed you that you may use reason (Qur`an 6: 151)",


And do not kill yourselves (or one another.) Indeed, Allah is to you ever Merciful (Qur`an 4: 29).

Also,Jundub ibn Abdullah narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Pbuh) said 

'Among the people before you, there was a man, he suffered from the pain and therefore took a knife and cut his hand with it bleeding to death. Allah (SWT) said "My servant has hurried his soul to me so I shall forbid for him Paradise"

  Thabit Ibn Al-Dahak also narrated that the Prophet (Pbuh) said, “Whosoever kills himself with anything in this world will be tortured with it on the Day of Judgment.”(Bukhari and Muslim)

Suicide is prohibited in Islamic law according to evidence from the Qur`an, Sunna, and the consensus of Muslim scholars. A person who commits suicide commits a major sin, though this does not take him outside of Islam.

Washing, shrouding, and praying over a person who commits suicide

It is considered a fard kifaya [communal duty] upon Muslims to wash and shroud a person who commits suicide as well as to bury him in a Muslim cemetery. This is because he is a Muslim and is subject to the general rulings that apply to deceased Muslims. There is a unanimous agreement that washing, shrouding, and praying over a deceased and burying him are all considered fard kifaya. This is based on the command found in authentic transmissions pertaining to those who die either due to suicide or to other reasons.

Means of suicide

Active suicide: This means taking active steps to carry out a suicide. Examples include [among others], using a sword, spear, rifle, poison to kill oneself, jumping from great heights, throwing oneself in fire, and drowning.

Passive suicide: This means refraining from making an effort to stay alive. Examples include abstaining from food and drink, neglecting a treatable wound, staying motionless in water or fire, not trying to escape from an animal when one has the capacity to do so.  

The ruling on committing suicide to avoid evil

It is impermissible to commit suicide to avoid evils such as rape and torture for instance. It is impermissible for a girl to commit suicide for fear of rape; she must defend herself against her attacker even if this means killing him. If she is killed in the process, she is considered a martyr because she died to defend her honor. The same applies to those who face humiliation and torture. They should resist their assailants and it is impermissible for them to commit suicide under the pretext that it is more honorable to kill themselves than to accept captivity and torture.

A Muslim is obligated to exercise patience at times of affliction and fight injustice to the best of his ability. He is not commanded to commit suicide to escape afflictions because there is no justification for it

Allah the Almighty knows best.